Charmaine White Face by Mike Hudak
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  Charmaine White Face
 
Livestock Grazing in the Black Hills of South Dakota
 
Charmaine White Face (Zumila Wobaga), a member of the Oglala band of the Tetons of the Great Sioux Nation (Tetuwan Oceti Sakowin), has had a multi-faceted career as college science instructor, political columnist, and activist. Ms. White Face is a former treasurer of the Oglala Sioux Tribe and the author of Testimony for the Innocent (Brunswick, ME: Audenreed Press, 1998), a book about financial corruption in tribal government. She is the founder and coordinator of Defenders of the Black Hills, a volunteer group working to ensure that the United States government upholds the Fort Laramie Treaties of 1851 and 1868.

Charmaine White Face provides a Lakota spiritual perspective on livestock production that occurs in the Black Hills National Forest of South Dakota.

Recorded in September 2004. This video is an excerpt from Charmaine White Face’s interview in Western Turf Wars: The Politics of Public Lands Ranching.